Concentrations and Minors

The Biology, Botany, and Zoology majors are quite flexible.  While each student becomes a well-rounded biologist, taking courses in Cell and Molecular Biology, Genetics, Evolution, Physiology, Biodiversity, and Ecology, students have a choice of many courses to complete each of these required areas.  A CONCENTRATION directs these choices to give students a specialization.  Each student has an academic advisor to help them decide the best set of courses for their particular interests.
MINOR is intended for students to gain knowledge and skills in topics outside of their major as a way to diversify.  A Biology, Botany, or Zoology major cannot minor in Biology, Botany, Zoology, Pre-medical Studies, or Entomology because these minors overlap extensively with their majors.  These minors are intended for students from outside the School of Biology and Ecology.  The Neuroscience minor is open to all students, including our majors.
The School of Biology & Ecology offers the following concentrations and minors:

Concentrations in the B.S. and B.A. Degrees in Biology

The Ecology Concentration is open to students in either the B.S. or B.A. degree program. This concentration is intended for students interested in exposure to ecological principles within the context of a rigorous biological sciences curriculum.

The Entomology concentration is for students studying biology, botany, or zoology. We aim to provide students with a broad understanding of the form and function of insects, their diversity, their interactions with people and society, and insect conservation and management in natural and human-derived systems.

The Pre-Medical Studies Concentration is open to students in the B.S. degree program only, not the B.A.  This concentration is intended for students preparing for a career in medicine or one of the other health professions (dentistry, optometry, osteopathy, physician assistant, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine, and other health-related fields). Students completing this concentration will be fully prepared for advanced studies in these fields. In addition to the required science and mathematics courses, the concentration also includes general education courses that are desired by many medical schools. The concentration allows for considerable choice in courses and provides valuable guidance to students and their advisors with regard to course selection in their major and in general education requirements.






Entomology (new!)


Pre-Medical Studies