Thicket shadbush, amélanchier en épis
Shrubs. Stems 1–30, 0.3–1.2(–2) m, suckering and in loosely scattered colonies, straggling-ascending; twigs glabrous at flowering. Leaves conduplicate in bud; half-expanded, usually pale green, abaxially densely tomentose by flowering; petioles 8–18 mm; blades abaxially green, oval to orbiculate, 1.5–6.5 x 1–4 cm, thick to coriaceous, bases subcordate or rounded, margins serrate in distal 2/3 or all the way to base with (5–)6–8 teeth per cm, lateral veins mostly 6–9 pairs, anastomosing and becoming indistinct near margins , apices acute to obtuse and often mucronate, surfaces mostly glabrous or with remnants of gray tomentum. Inflorescences (4–)5–7(–10)-flowered, erect, 1.5–4 cm, only proximalmost 1–2 pedicels subtended by leaf. Pedicels sparsely tomentose or glabrous, proximalmost 0.7 –1.6(–2.2) cm. Flowers: hypanthia campanulate, 3–5 mm diam.; sepals recurving after flowering , 2.3–3 mm, adaxially hairy; petals white to ivory, linear-oblong, 6–10 x 2.5–4(–5) mm, not andropetalous; stamens 20; styles 5; ovary summit rounded, densely hairy. Pomes purple-black, glaucous, 7–12 mm diam., sweet. 2n = 34, 51, 68.
Flowering Apr–Jun; fruiting Jul–Aug.
Summits and cliffs of low mountains, open woods, woodland clearings, rocky soils, crevices, shores, fields, roadsides, in peaty, sandy, or gravelly and typically acidic soils; 0–12 00 m
N.B., Nfld. & Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Ala., Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.
(see Systematics page for references cited)
Amelanchier spicata is strongly suckering and has finely toothed leaves and a densely hairy ovary summit. Amelanchier spicata is similar to A. humilis in habit and vestiture of the ovary summit, but differs in leaf teeth, whether leaf veins clearly enter the teeth, hypanthium shape, and fruit diameter. Amelanchier spicata prefers acidic soils while A. humilis is a calciphile. How A. spicata and A. nantucketensis differ is discussed under A. nantucketensis.
The correct name for Amelanchier spicata has been much debated. K. M. Wiegand (1912) discussed specimens and exsiccati of Crataegus spicata that were made from North American plants grown in European gardens. He said of these specimens: “Those who have seen these specimens and the type specimen of Crataegus spicata, as well as the specimens of our Eastern American stoloniferous fine-toothed Amelanchier agree that they all appear to be one and the same thing. Flowers and leaves in the exsiccati match those of this stoloniferous species as well as one could wish, as do also the flowers and leaves in the original descriptions. The original description of C. spicata, however, gives the height of the plant as from two to three times that of the native species of Amelanchier, which, figured out, would mean 2–5 m.” The native European species is A. ovalis. Because of this difference in stem height, K. M. Wiegand published A. stolonifera. G. N. Jones (1946) analyzed photographs of the type of C. spicata and concluded that this taxon matched his concept of a taxon that included several low, rhizomatous shadbushes (A. erecta, A. gaspensis, A. humilis, A. lucida, A. mucronata, A. stolonifera, and A. austromontana). M. L. Fernald (1946b), supporting Wiegand, emphasized the difference in height and pointed to some differences in number and proximity of leaf veins and orientation of sepals. We have examined a high-quality image of the type of C. spicata, and it resembles closely the rhizomatous fine-toothed Amelanchier that most treatments of eastern North American Amelanchier refer to as A. stolonifera. The stem-height argument is not compelling because “two to three times that of the native species of Amelanchier” specifies a height only by inference.
The andropetalous taxon Amelanchier oblongifolia var. micropetala Robinson was transferred to A. stolonifera as forma micropetala (Robinson) Rehder. The type of this entity, however, has petals that fall within the size range of those of A. nantucketensis, and it is considered a synonym of the latter.
L. Cinq-Mars (1971) considered Amelanchier spicata var. spicata to be a suckering plant to 7 m and to have sepals that are erect or spreading at flowering, and A. spicata var. stolonifera (Wiegand) L. Cinq-Mars to be less than 1 m and to have sepals that are recurved at flowering.
M. L. Fernald (1921) published Amelanchier lucida as a variety of A. stolonifera (without flowering material) based on its lustrous leaves; in 1948 he elevated it to species. G. N. Jones (1946) lumped A. lucida into A. spicata. P. M. Catling ( 2006) analyzed the morphology, including flowers, of A. lucida and concluded that it is distinct from A. spicata because of its shiny leaves and erect orientation of the sepals at flowering. Amelanchier lucida closely resembles A. spicata in overall habit, leaves, inflorescences, and fruits. We have observed somewhat lustrous leaves in A. spicata. We therefore include A. lucida in A. spicata.
M. L. Fernald (1950) and L. Cinq-Mars (1971) reported hybrids between this species and Amelanchier arborea, A. bartramiana, A. intermedia, A. laevis, and A. sanguinea. Plants determined to be apomictic and attributed to this species by C. S. Campbell et al. (1987) were actually A. nantucketensis.
in 2010, when Shane debuted his michael kors cheap romance with Elizabeth. A year later he proposed to the English actress. Over the summer though, Elizabeth appeared to confirm she and the cricketer were no longer together by telling her Twitter followers; ‘Apologies to loyal followers for Twitter silence on recent events. Too raw and personal to Michael Kors handbag outlet share right now.’ Back on: Liz brightened up her outfit with an electric blue tote bag as Shane kept close by Warne seemed to directly contradict her by insisting that the pair hadn’t ‘thrown in the towel just yet’. Shane wrote: ‘Some of the reports re EH me r cheap Michael Kors absolute rubbish. Yes, we’re sorting through some (private) issues. But we’re not throwing the towel in yet.’ And after weeks of upset it looks as though Shane has worked his magic and the pair are finally making amends. Good to be home: The couple looked happy to be back in the capital after a family trip to the country Every season there’s a staple replica michael kors wardrobe piece worth investing in and this autumn it’s most certainly the suede
Sample several of New Jersey’s outlet malls this shopping season cheap michael kors handbags Though some may be skeptical about shopping anywhere other than a department store mall, keep in mind that outlet malls offer a multitude of discontinued goods or returned goods in just as replica cheap Michael Kors good condition as anything found at a store. Rather than waste precious time wandering throughout a crowded mall and dealing with the nightmarish parking garages, come visit any of these outlet malls throughout the state of New Jersey: Harmon Cove Outlet Center, Secaucus Shopping Center, Jersey Gardens, Jackson Premium Outlets, Liberty Village Premium Outlets, Jersey Shore Premium Outlets, cheap michael kors purses and Atlantic City Outlets. Jersey Gardens of Elizabeth cheap michael kors (the largest of the aforementioned) isn your typical outlet mall. Visitors can simply park their fake michael kors cars cheap michael kors elsewhere, take the shuttle in, and shop away! Jersey Shore Premium Outlets is the latest to join New Jersey outlet mall array, and has already been receiving a lot positive buzz from visitors. Flemington offers Liberty Village
How to Deal with Mediocrity Extraordinary People in Mediocre Timesby Edward B. Toupin My grandfather used to speak of the days when people drove the world. authentic chargers ladainian tomlinson mens jersey It was a time when people were proud to contribute and move society and industry forward at full steam. But, authentic carnell lake mens jersey people were proud of themselves! I was a bit appalled at that statement because, to me, these times were the epitome of existence! However, over the years, I began to see what he meant. It is not so much that our advances are mediocre, but it is the state of humanity and society that has become mediocre in comparison. Yet, we don’t see it as such because we live in these times daily and have no real comparison. In these times, stephon tuitt youth jersey people lose hope. While I agree that, many times, circumstances are to blame for a particular situation; however, we allow such authentic jason peters youth jersey circumstances to overpower us. We authentic chargers marcus gilchrist mens jersey need to take control and decide which circumstances are to be allowed into our lives. In today’s environment, there are only a handful of individuals that move the society forward and so many people simply follow. Perhaps the difficulties, stresses, and complications around us have turned many of us into "mediocre people" in extraordinary times. It depends on how you look at it all! But, indeed, this is not the case. When all need a hero, a hero is not to be found. That is when the best hero we authentic torrey smith youth jersey can have is ourselves. That may sound arrogant, joe montana youth jersey but who would you rather be like: a better you, or someone else who might be where you think you want to be, but may have myriad other problems with which authentic titans zach mettenberger womens jersey you would have to contend. Deal with your own and become the better you! We are all extraordinary and we all have something unique and phenomenal to contribute. However, we must learn to contribute to ourselves, first, and then consider the contribution to the world around you. It is how you see and feel about yourself that reflects upon and influences your environment and society. Turn inward and exalt the extraordinary you. Learn that the odd little nuances of life are there to strengthen you to create "extraordinary times."