Requirements for the BA in Botany

Please view the University of Maine Course Catalog (Botany B.A.) for more information about botany program requirements and suggested sequences.

 

Basic Biological Sciences

BIO 100 Basic Biology (4 cr)
BIO 200 Biology of Organisms (4 cr)

Note: BIO 208, Anatomy and Physiology, BIO 222 Biology: The Living Science, and BIO 223 Biology the Living Science Laboratory will not count towards the major for students majoring in Botany.

Biological Sciences Areas

A minimum of 24 credits is required, including at least 3 credits from each of the following five areas. These must include at least four courses with laboratories (designated L) and three courses focused primarily on plants (designated P). A course may be used to satisfy only one area requirement.

I. Cell and Molecular Biology
If only one course is taken from this area, it must be BMB 280 or BIO 480.
BIO 336 Developmental Biology (4 cr) L
BIO 438 Morphogenesis in Development and Disease (3 cr)
BIO 441 Electron Microscopes — Theory and Use (2 cr)
BIO 450 Histology (4 cr) L
BIO 474 Neurobiology (3 cr)
BIO 480 Cell Biology (3 cr)
BIO 483 Cell Biology Laboratory (1 cr) L
BMB 280 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology (3 cr)
BMB 300 General Microbiology (3 cr)
BMB 305 General Microbiology Lab (2 cr) L
BMB 420 Infectious Disease (3 cr)
BMB 421 Infectious Disease Laboratory (2 cr) L
L – BIO 336, BIO 450, BIO 483, BMB 305, BMB 421

 

II. Genetics
BIO 350 Concepts and Applications of Genetics (3 cr)
BMB 400 Molecular Genetics (3 cr)
BMB 490 Microbial Genetics (5 cr) L
L – BMB 490

 

III. Physiology
BIO 307 Introduction to Neuroscience (3 cr) A
BIO 377 Medical Physiology (3 cr) A
BIO 378 Medical Physiology Lab (2 cr) L
BIO 452 Plant Physiology (3 cr) P
BIO 479 Endocrinology (3 cr) A
BIO 480 Cell Biology (3 cr)
BIO 483 Cell Biology Lab (1 cr) L
BMB 430 Bacterial Physiology (3 cr)
BMB 431 Bacterial Physiology Lab (1 cr) L
BMB 440 Introductory Immunology (3 cr) A
BMB 441 Introductory Immunology Lab (1 cr) L
SMS 485 Comparative Animal Physiology (3 cr) A
L – BIO 378, BIO 483, BMB 431, BMB 441
A – BIO 307, BIO 377, BIO 479, BMB 440, SMS 485
P – BIO 452

 

IV. Biodiversity and Evolution
BIO 310 Plant Biology (4 cr) L P
BIO 326 General Entomology (4 cr) L A
BIO 329 Vertebrate Biology (3 cr) A
BIO 331 Vertebrate Biology Lab (1 cr) L
BIO 335 Human Anatomy (4 cr) L A
BIO 342 Plants in Our World (3 cr) P
BIO 353 Invertebrate Zoology (4 cr) L A
BIO 430 Ecology and Systematics of Aquatic Insects (4 cr) L A
BIO 432 Biology of the Fungi (4 cr) L P
BIO 433 Mammalogy (4 cr) L A
BIO 464 Taxonomy of Vascular Plants (4 cr) L P
BIO 465 Evolution (3 cr)
SFR 439 Plant Anatomy: Structure and Function (3 cr) L P
SMS 473 Marine and Freshwater Algae (4 cr) L P
L – BIO 310, BIO 326, BIO 331, BIO 335, BIO 353, BIO 430, BIO 432, BIO 433, BIO 464, SFR 439, SMS 373
A – BIO 326, BIO 329, BIO 335, BIO 353, BIO 430, BIO 433
P – BIO 310, BIO 342, BIO 432, BIO 464, SFR 439, SMS 373

 

V. Ecology and Behavior
If only one course is taken from this area, it must be BIO 319, SMS 300, or WLE 200, only one of which can count for degree credit.

BIO 205 Field Natural History of Maine (4 cr) L
BIO 319 General Ecology (3 cr)
BIO 327 Introductory Applied Entomology (4 cr) L A
BIO 354 Animal Behavior (3 cr) A
BIO 355 Animal Behavior Lab (2 cr) L
BIO 434 Avian Biology and Ecology (3 cr) A
BIO 437 Avian Biology and Ecology Lab (1 cr) L
BIO 447 Experimental Ecology (4 cr) L
BIO 455 Biological Invasions (3 cr)
BIO 463 River Ecology (4 cr) L
BIO 468 Lake Ecology (4 cr)
BIO 476 Paleoecology (4 cr) L
EES 140 Soil Science (3 cr)
EES 141 Soil Science Lab (1 cr) L
EES 475 Field Studies in Ecology (3 cr) L
INT 482 Pesticides in the Environment (3 cr) L
PSE 320 Soil Organic Matter Management (3 cr)
PSE 457 Plant Pathology (4 cr) L P
SMS 300 Marine Ecology (3 cr)
WLE 200 Wildlife Ecology (3 cr)
WLE 201 Wildlife Ecology Lab (3 cr) L
WLE 423 Wetland Ecology and Conservation (4 cr) L
L – BIO 205, BIO 327, BIO 355, BIO 437, BIO 447, BIO 463, BIO 476, EES 141, EES 475, PSE 457, WLE 201, WLE 423
A – BIO 327, BIO 354, BIO 434
P – PSE 457

 

Affiliated Sciences and Math


  • CHY 121 – Introduction to Chemistry Credits: 3
  • CHY 122 – The Molecular Basis of Chemical Change Credits: 3
  • CHY 123 – Introduction to Chemistry Laboratory Credits: 1
  • CHY 124 – The Molecular Basis of Chemical Change Laboratory Credits: 1

 

Organic Chemistry Option 1


  • BMB 221 – Organic Chemistry Credits: 3
  • BMB 222 – Laboratory in Organic Chemistry Credits: 1

Total Organic Chemistry Credits: 4

 

Organic Chemistry Option 2


  • CHY 251 – Organic Chemistry I Credits: 3
  • CHY 253 – Organic Chemistry Laboratory I Credits: 2
  • BMB 322 – Biochemistry Credits: 3
  • BMB 323 – Biochemistry Laboratory Credits: 2

Total Organic Chemistry Credits: 10

 

Organic Chemistry Option 3


  • CHY 251 – Organic Chemistry I Credits: 3
  • CHY 253 – Organic Chemistry Laboratory I Credits: 2
  • CHY 252 – Organic Chemistry II Credits: 3
  • CHY 254 – Organic Chemistry Laboratory II Credits: 2

Total Organic Chemistry Credits: 10

 

Mathematics


  • MAT 126 – Calculus I Credits: 4

OR

  • STS 232 – Principles of Statistical Inference Credits: 3

Total Mathematics Credits: 7

 

Physics Option 1


  • PHY 105 – Descriptive Physics Credits: 4

Total Physics Credits: 4

 

Physics Option 2


  • PHY 111 – General Physics I Credits: 4
  • PHY 112 – General Physics II Credits: 4

Total Physics Credits: 8

 

Additional Requirements:
The BA degree requires an international perspective which may be satisfied by one of the following:
1. Establishing proficiency in a foreign language at the intermediate level.

2. At least one semester in a University of Maine approved foreign exchange program.

3. Nine credits of general education courses in Cultural Diversity and International Perspectives.
The College of Natural Sciences, Forestry, and Agriculture requires a minimum of 27 credits of general education credits in Human Values and Social Contexts for all BA degrees. At least 12 credits must be at the 200 level or above.

 

General Education Requirements:
Students in all programs must fulfill the General Education Requirements. Included in these requirements are a Capstone Experience and a writing-intensive course in the major. The Capstone Experience must be taken during the student’s senior year. Students choose one of the options listed below. All capstone experiences are a minimum of three credits and all satisfy the requirement for a writing-intensive course in the major.

1. BIO 388: Research Capstone in Biology–laboratory or field biological research with a faculty member in the School of Biology and Ecology.

2. BIO 392: Independent Study Capstone in Biology–literature-based biological inquiry with guidance of a faculty member in the School of Biology and Ecology.

3. BIO 402: Capstone Experience in Biological Sciences.

4. Any one of these courses: BIO 438: Morphogenesis in Development and Disease; BIO 447: Experimental Ecology; BIO 450: Histology; BIO 463: River Ecology; or HON 499: Honors Thesis (must be a topic in Botany and the thesis advisor should be in biological sciences).