Minor in Biology (22 credits)

The minor in Biology is designed for students in other fields who would like to develop a basic understanding of modern biology. The minor is not open to students majoring or minoring in Botany or Zoology. Students must obtain a minimum grade of C in BIO 100 and BIO 200 and a minimum GPA for the minor of 2.0.

Required courses (14 credits)
BIO 100 Basic Biology (4cr)
BIO 200 Biology of Organisms (4 cr)
BMB 280 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology (3 cr)
BIO 319 General Ecology (3 cr)
or
SMS 300 Marine Ecology (3 cr)
or
WLE 200 Wildlife Ecology (3 cr)

Electives (8 credits)
Any courses from Areas I-V1,2 below.

I. Cell and Molecular Biology
BIO 336 Developmental Biology (4 cr)
BIO 438 Morphogenesis and Differentiation (3 cr)
BIO 441 Microscopy (2 cr)
BIO 450 Histology (4 cr)
BIO 474 Neurobiology (3 cr)
BIO 480 Cell Biology (3 cr)
BIO 483 Cell Biology Laboratory (1 cr)
BMB 280 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology (3 cr)
BMB 300 General Microbiology (3 cr)
BMB 305 General Microbiology Lab (2 cr)

II. Genetics
BIO 350 Concepts and Applications of Genetics (3 cr)
BIO 462 Principles of Genetics (3 cr)
BMB 400 Molecular Genetics (3 cr)
BMB 490 Microbial Genetics (5 cr)

III. Physiology
BIO 307 Introduction to Neuroscience (3 cr)
BIO 377 Medical Physiology (3 cr)
BIO 378 Medical Physiology Lab (2 cr)
BIO 452 Plant Physiology (3 cr)
BIO 453 Plant Physiology Lab (1 cr)
BIO 479 Endocrinology (3 cr)
BIO 480 Cell Biology (3 cr)
BIO 483 Cell Biology Lab (1 cr)
BMB 430 Bacterial Physiology (3 cr)
BMB 431 Bacterial Physiology Lab (1 cr)
BMB 440 Introductory Immunology (3 cr)
BMB 441 Introductory Immunology Lab (1 cr)
PSE 479 Crop Ecology and Physiology (3 cr)
SMS 485 Comparative Animal Physiology (3 cr)

IV. Biodiversity and Evolution
BIO 310 Plant Biology (4 cr)
BIO 326 Introductory Entomology (4 cr)
BIO 329 Vertebrate Biology (3 cr)
BIO 331 Vertebrate Biology Lab (1 cr)
BIO 335 Comparative Anatomy (4 cr)
BIO 342 Plants in Our World (3 cr)
BIO 353 Invertebrate Zoology (4 cr)
BIO 430 Ecology and Systematics of Aquatic Insects (4 cr)
BIO 432 Biology of the Fungi (4 cr)
BIO 433 Mammalogy (4 cr)
BIO 454 Invertebrate Functional Morphology (4 cr)
BIO 464 Taxonomy of Vascular Plants (4 cr)
BIO 465 Evolution (3 cr)
BMB 410 Diversity of Microorganisms (3 cr)
SFR 439 Plant Anatomy: Structure and Function (3 cr)
SMS 473 Marine and Freshwater Algae (4 cr)

V. Ecology and Behavior
BIO 205 Field Natural History of Maine (4 cr)
BIO 319 General Ecology (3 cr)
BIO 327 Introductory Applied Entomology (4 cr)
BIO 354 Animal Behavior (3 cr)
BIO 355 Animal Behavior Lab (2 cr)
BIO 434 Avian Biology and Ecology (4 cr)
BIO 447 Experimental Aquatic Ecology (4 cr)
BIO 448 Insect Pest Ecology and Management (3 cr)
BIO 455 Biological Invasions (3 cr)
BIO 463 River Ecology (4 cr)
BIO 468 Limnology (4 cr)
BIO 476 Paleoecology (4 cr)
INT 475 Field Studies in Ecology (3 cr)
INT 482 Pesticides in the Environment (3 cr)
PSE 140 Soil Science (3 cr)
PSE 141 Soil Science Lab (1 cr)
PSE 320 Soil Organic Matter Management (3 cr)
PSE 457 Plant Pathology (4 cr)
SMS 300 Marine Ecology (3 cr)
WLE 200 Wildlife Ecology (3 cr)
WLE 201 Wildlife Ecology Lab (3 cr)
WLE 280 Winter Ecology (1 cr)
WLE 423 Wetland Ecology and Conservation (4 cr)

1Students majoring in Biochemistry, Microbiology, or Molecular and Cellular Biology must choose from Areas III, IV, and V only, and the courses must not be BMB courses.

2Students majoring in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Marine Science, or Wildlife Ecology must choose courses from Areas I-V that are not on the list of courses that count towards their major.

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